What is an “ Apostille „?

What is an “ Apostille „?

In German inheritance law, the probate court usually asks for documents that have to be provided with an “ Apostille „. But: What is an “ Apostille „?

Asking for an Apostille means that the document needs to be „legalised“, in other words that another, higher authority confirms its authenticity.

How that can be done depends on the state and the authority, in which the document was originally issued.

There is a lot of differences between the legal systems, which is why it can be worth to ask first the  probate court what kind of legalization or „Apostille“ they need from your special country or the state where the documents stem from (which does not have to be your country). 

Prices for legalisation also vary a lot between the different countries, but they cost around 30,- € usually, give or take. But the money you might waste by getting a useless legalization is maybe not even the worst. Even more annoying could be the waste of time – by getting a stamp from somewhere, then sending the documents to the German probate court – and then weeks later getting the information that this paper was not the one they needed. 

It is wiser to ask someone competent to give you or get you a reliable answer. 

If you need competent advice in English, you can contact us here

Dr. Donat Ebert
Rechtsanwalt – Lawyer 
office-ebert@email.de

 

 

How long does it take to get a German certificate of inheritance

How long does it take to get a German certificate of inheritance?

As most clients now already or informed by me then, usually the starting point for getting real access to the estate of a German inheritance case is the possession of a certificate of inheritance. This document can only be issued by the competent probate court.

One of the next questions then is how long does the court take to decide and issue this important paper.

The answer is the usual answer by a German lawyer: „This depends.“ 

It depends on how well the application for the certificate of inheritance is prepared. Are all documents included to the application? Are all declarations made? Do you have all confirmations needed?

If not – and this is often the case, particularly if the client is not supported by a competent lawyer -, the court will ask for them. And obviously for this the court first has to check, then write the letter asking for supplementing, this letter has to be served to the applicant and so on and so forth. This might drag on and on for month. Better to do it properly right from the start.

Once all documents necessary are with the court, the time until we actually get the certificate into our hands also varies. Depending on the workload or backlogs at that very court. 

Nowadays I made an application to a probate court that is known for being overburdened with work and under-equipped with staff and infrastructure. Yet I got the certificate within less than four months. Which was excellent. Thanks to the cooperation of the people in charge and the good preparation of the application. Or maybe it was my friendly, respectful, yet regular way of „urging“? Well, I would say yes, you have to know how to do it. 

Other courts are even quicker. Berlin-Schöneberg the other day took two months – though also a classically overloaded court. 

Important is to do it professionally. Know what it takes for a successful application. How to deal and speak with people. Speak their language. And be friendly and persistent. 

I can do that for you. If you need support, you can contact me here

Dr. Donat Ebert
Rechtsanwalt – Lawyer (HU, D)
office-ebert@email.de

 

 

 

Német nyugdíj válás után – felmerülő kérdések 7

Német nyugdíj  válás után – felmerülő kérdések 7

 Pontosan  melyik időszakot veszik figyelembe a nyugdíjmegosztásnál?

A német törvények ezt pontosan meghatározzák: A házasságkötés hónapjának első napjától a válókereset  házastársnak való kikézbesítését megelőző hónap utolsó napjáig terjedő időszakot. Például: A pár 2000.08.08.- án kötött házasságot. Az egyik fél által benyújtott válókeresetet  a másik fél hivatalosan 2016. 08.15.- én vette át. Ebben az esetben a figyelembeveendő időszak 2000.08.01- tól 2016.07.31-ig.

Dr. Donat Ebert
Rechtsanwalt – Ügyvéd
office-ebert@email.de

How to get a certificate of inheritance in Germany?

How to get a certificate of inheritance in Germany?

In order to get access to the estate and solve everything involved with that, in Germany you need usually a certificate of inheritance („Erbschein“). 

There are many documents and pieces of information you need to give to the court competent for the administration of the estate after a death case. 

Concerning the information to be given, these are:

– Date of death of testator;

– Nationality of the testator and his/her permanent residence;

– Description of the family of the testator (e.g. members of the family, relation to testator etc);

– Whether there was a last will by the testator;

– Whether there is a legal case pending concerning the inheritance.

The documents are: 

– Last will – if there is one;

– Death certificate of testator;

– Death certificate of close relatives and/or potential heirs;

– Birth certificates of potential heirs proving their family relation;

If from these documents, the court cannot clearly define who is the heir / who are the heirs, the court might ask for further documents. 

If the documents are issued by foreign authorities, they usually need to be translated, maybe even have to be provided with an „Apostille“ (see article on this website).

The information given by the applicants usually have to be confirmed by a „declaration in lieu of an oath“ (see article on this website). 

The application might need to involve the Embassy of Germany in your country.

The procedure is usually quite complicated and has several pitfalls, also some steps might seem necessary, but can be done without. The involvement of a lawyer experienced in cross-border inheritance cases is recommended. 

If you need competent support in English for the procedure, you can get into contact with us here

Német ügyvéd

Dr. Donat Ebert
Rechtsanwalt (D)
Ügyvéd (HU)
office-ebert@email.de

 

 

 

 

 

 

Német nyugdíj válás után – felmerülő kérdések 6

Német nyugdíj válás után – felmerülő kérdések 6

Külön élek a férjemtől, de még nem váltunk el.

A nyugdíjmegosztási igény benyújtásához a német jog szerint szükség van a válás kimondására. Ha külön élnek, lehet, hogy a saját ország törvényei szerint van valamire jogosultság, de nem német nyugdíjra.

Minél hosszabb a házasság, annál hosszabb időszakot kell figyelembe venni. Ha a különélés alatt a férj még mindig fizet a német nyugdíjalapba, az Ön része is növekedik.

Ha lassan készül nyugdíjba vonulni, érdemes elgondolkodni a váláson. Ehhez hozzáértő tanácsra lesz szüksége a német törvényeket illetően is.

Német ügyvéd

Dr. Donat Ebert
Rechtsanwalt (D)
Ügyvéd (HU)
office-ebert@email.de

Stamp in Hungary

Stamp in Hungary

Today was one of these days: in a criminal procedure we had a hearing whether the client has to stay in detention on remand. We could present an official document from Germany that should have convinced the court to release the client. But, no, the document did not carry a stamp on it. No matter how original the paper was, the stamp was missing. So obviously it was not official. It did not help to argue that in Germany we do not have such a refined cult around stamps. The client had to stay in prison. Among others because of the missing stamp.

So if in Hungary you have to present an official stamp from another country, you should take care that the issuing office puts a stamp on it. Otherwise there is a high danger – or rather likelihood – that the Hungarian authorities will not accept it. No joking.

I am tempted to put my own stamp on it and have prepared for that: 

stamp-1286277_1280

But this was a joke. Do not do that. Otherwise you might get arrested for falsification of documents. 

So, accept it the way it is in Hungary. Make sure the official at home puts a stamp on the document. 

If you have any problems with Hungarian authorities, you can pick up contact with us here

Dr. Donat Ebert Rechtsanwalt Lawyer in D and HU office-ebert@email.de

Dr. Donat Ebert
Rechtsanwalt
Lawyer in D and HU
office-ebert@email.de

 

Costs of litigation in Germany the basics II

Costs of litigation in Germany the basics II

Costs of litigation in Germany – the basics II: this is the second video of a series on this topic, giving you an idea about what suing in Germany means financially.

If you need assistance in English concerning litigation in Germany, you can contact us here.

Dr. Donat Ebert Rechtsanwalt - Lawyer (D) office-ebert@email.de

Dr. Donat Ebert
Rechtsanwalt – Lawyer (D)
office-ebert@email.de

Német nyugdíj válás után Felmerülő kérdések 5

Német nyugdíj  válás után Felmerülő kérdések 5

Mi történik, ha újraházasodom?

Általában az Ön új házassága nem számít, nem befolyásolja az igényét.

Mert az a tény, hogy Ön újra házasságot köt nem jelenti azt, hogy az Ön nyugdíja biztosítva van, ugye? Éppen ellenkezőleg, a két dolognak semmi köze egymáshoz. Ezen kívül –bocsánat, de tény –az új házasság is válással végződhet. Ki tudja, mikor benyújtjuk az igényünket? Kivételt csak az a helyzet jelenthet, amikor Ön az új házasságában olyan jó anyagi körülmények között él, hogy nincs szüksége a nyugdíjmegosztásra, így igazságtalan lenne a megosztás. Hadd hozzak egy ízléstelen példát (ügyvédként mindenre gondolnom kell, ami elképzelhető): Ön újraházasodott, az új férj nagyon gazdag volt, de korán meghalt és hatalmas vagyont hagyott Önre. Hát ez csak elméleti feltételezés. Csak nyugodtan házasodjon újra.

 

Dr. Donat Ebert
RechtsanwaltLawyer (HU, D)
office-ebert@email.de

 

 

 

Staatsanwaltschaft Gyula Ungarn

Staatsanwaltschaft Gyula Ungarn

Gyula ist eine kleine Stadt im Komitat Békés in Süd-Ost-Ungarn, nicht weit von der rumänischen Grenze. Die Stadt hat etwas über 30.000 Einwohner.

Durch die Nähe der Stadt zur rumänischen Grenze hat die dortige Staatsanwaltschaft insbesondere Bedeutung in der Verfolgung von Straftaten im Zusammenhang mit der dortigen Landesgrenze. So dürfte das Schwergewicht der Arbeit der Staatsanwaltschaft im Bereich des Menschen- und Drogenschmuggels sowie im Bereich der Markenpiraterie liegen, aber natürlich auch bei gefälschten Reisepapieren etc. 

Die Staatsanwaltschaft verfügt offenbar über keine Website, ihre Erreichbarkeiten sind:

Adresse: Gyula, Városház u. 6, 5700
Ob bei der StA in Gyula Anrufe in anderen Sprachen als Ungarisch behandelt werden können, ist nicht bekannt, dürfte aber bezweifelt werden. 
Sollten Sie ein Problem mit der Staatsanwaltschaft in Gyula haben, so können Sie mich hier erreichen.
 
Német ügyvéd

Dr. Donat Ebert
Rechtsanwalt D und HU
office-ebert@email.de

pereskedes költsége

Costs of litigation in Germany – basics I

Costs of litigation in Germany – basics I

Costs of litigation in Germany – the video gives you an introduction into the basic rules of how to calculate the costs of a legal civil procedure before a Geman Court. 

If you need assistance in English for your case, you can pick up contact with us here

Német ügyvéd

Dr. Donat Ebert
Rechtsanwalt D und HU
office-ebert@email.de

Gefängnis in Gyula Ungarn

Gefängnis in Gyula Ungarn

Gyula ist eine kleine Stadt im Komitat Békés in Süd-Ost-Ungarn, nicht weit von der rumänischen Grenze. Die Stadt hat etwas über 30.000 Einwohner.

Das dortige Gefängnis oder die „Justizvollzugsanstalt“ hat – bedingt durch die Nähe zur ungarisch-rumänischen Grenze – zahlreiche Ausländer als Insassen. Es handelt sich bei diesem Gefängnis – wie auf dem Bild schon erkennbar – um ein altes Gebäude. Die Verhältnisse dort sind nicht gut, die Zellen überfüllt. Zum Teil sind bis zu 10 Gefangene in einer Zelle untergebracht. Viele Ausländer sind darunter, die die unterschiedlichsten Sprachen sprechen. 

In meinen bisherigen Mandaten ist mir über Gewalt im dortigen Gefängnis nichts bekannt geworden. 

Das Gefängnis verfügt über eine ungarisch-sprachige Website, die Sie hier finden. Es darf bezweifelt werden, dass Anrufe in einer anderen Sprache als Ungarisch dort vernünftig beantwortet werden können. 

Sollten Sie einen Angehörigen im Gefängnis in Gyula haben und Hilfe benötigen, so können Sie mich hier erreichen.

Német ügyvéd

Dr. Donat Ebert
Rechtsanwalt D und HU
office-ebert@email.de

invalid testament

Invalid testament – and its consequences

The other day in a case-file….

I read the following: „The testator left behind a computer-written testament which was signed by his own hand…“ And of course in the next sentence comes the conclusion: the testament is invalid

The consequence

The only result German inheritance law foresees for such a case is that the testament is invalid in total. It has no legal effect whatsoever.

Therefore the estate will be distributed as if there had never been any last will, a case of „intestacy“. 

Whether the heirs will feel themselves bound by the will the testator expressed in his/her invalid testament is absolutely up to them. 

Some parties work here with a „moral obligation“ to respect the will by the testator. Particularly when the invalid testament favors them. 

Well, „moral obligation“ is not exactly my field of expertise. As a lawyer I can only say: The invalid testament has legally no binding effect. 

But we should also ask why German inheritance law has such rule – as in contrast to very many other jurisdictions. I suppose it is because a fully hand-written testament is very difficult to forfeit. A signature can be falsified and it can also be „smuggled“ under a piece of paper – be it empty or filled with a text. 

My clear advice: Don’t let yourself be influenced by an alleged „clear“ will of the testator that does not correspond with the requirements by the law. 

If yo need further advice, do not hesitate to contact me here.

Dr. Donat Ebert
Rechtsanwalt – Lawyer
office-ebert@email.de

 

Prison in Gyula Hungary

Prison in Gyula Hungary

Gyula is a small town in South-East Hungary with a bit more than 30.000 inhabitants. 

Because the border with Romania is not far away from Gyula, criminal procedures against foreigners are often connected to trafficking in human being and in drugs, counterfeiting of merchandize (piracy of products) and use of falsified traveling documents as well as illegal crossing of borders. 

The prison in Gyula – as you can see on the picture above – is an old building, the conditions in the prison are not very good. More than 10 inmates could be in one cell, a lot of different languages are spoken by the prisoners.

So far I have not been informed about any incidents involving violence inside among inmates. 

You find the website of the Prison Gyula here, though I doubt that calls in any other language than Hungarian can be answered properly.  

If you have an issue around Gyula, Hungary, we can help you in English. You will find all contact details here

Dr. Donat Ebert Rechtsanwalt - Ügyvéd hungarianlawyer@email.de

Dr. Donat Ebert
Rechtsanwalt – Ügyvéd
hungarianlawyer@email.de

Haftbefehl von EULEX

Haftbefehl von EULEX

Liegt Ihnen ein Haftbefehl von EULEX aus dem Kosovo vor, so gibt Ihnen dieses Video erste Informationen. 

Wenn Sie ein Problem mit EULEX oder anderen Strafverfahren im Kosovo haben, so kann ich Sie unterstützen, auf vor Ort im Kosovo.

Dr. Donat Ebert Rechtsanwalt - Lawyer (D) office-ebert@email.de

Dr. Donat Ebert
Rechtsanwalt – Lawyer (D)
office-ebert@email.de